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Endocarditis

Bacteria and fungal Endocarditis is an infection of the inner lining of the heart (endocardium). The endocardium becomes inflamed and can cause valve damage. Endocarditis is a very serious infection and needs to be treated immediately as they can cause heart failure and/or strokes.

There are two types of Endocarditis; bacterial and fungal. Bacterial is the most common form of Endocarditis but both have similar symptoms and treatments.

You may be more at risk of Endocarditis if you have valve replacement, heart valve disease, hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (where the heart muscles has become enlarged, which may causes damage to the heart valve). According to research men have increased risk of developing Endocarditis in comparison with women.

Symptoms usually develop as tiredness, chest pains, headaches, high temperature, chills, shortness of breath, muscle and joint pain. You should consulate with your primary care physician if you have any of these symptoms. It’s vitally important that you make your clinicians aware of your medical history with heart valve disease.

Prevention of Endocarditis can be to have: good oral hygiene, not letting abscesses and gum disease go untreated, to use antibacterial soap to decrease skin infection, to wash grazes and cuts, to avoid cosmetic procedures, piercings and tattoos.

When at the Dentist mention your medical history with heart valve disease before any procedures. Sometimes brushing and chewing food can be a cause of Endocarditis. Poor dental hygiene or invasive dental work, gum infections should be discussed with your dentist and GP. Also use of other medical instruments (e.g. syringes, urinary catheters, dialysis, laparoscopes) should be administered with caution if you have heart valve disease.

If you do contract Endocarditis you need to be admitted to the hospital immediately and given antibiotics via a drip. Also a possible valve replacement and draining of an abscesses needs to be considered by your clinician. After being discharged from the hospital, which depends on the severity of the condition, you'll be given a prescription of antibiotics to take home. This needs to be followed up with regular check ups with your GP, possible anti-fungal medicine and further blood samples.